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Chemical Name PIOGLITAZONE (pye-oh-GLI-ta-zone)
ACTOS is a prescription medication used in conjunction with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar (glucose) control in adults with type 2 diabetes. It can also sometimes be used in combination with insulin or other medications, but it is not for treating type 1 diabetes. Additionally, ACTOS is not a substitute for cholesterol medication.
It is vital to take ACTOS exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take for longer than recommended. Taking this medication for longer than 1 year (12 months) may increase your risk of developing bladder cancer. Talk with your doctor about your specific risk.
ACTOS is generally taken once daily. You may take ACTOS with or without food. Ask your doctor how to adjust your ACTOS dose if needed. Do not change your medication dose or schedule without your medical advice.
Patients should check their blood sugar often, and you may need other blood tests at your doctor's office. Visit your doctor regularly. Use ACTOS regularly to get the most benefit.
When taking ACTOS with insulin or other diabetes medications, low blood sugar may occur. Talk to your doctor if low blood sugar is a problem for you. When taking ACTOS with insulin, the chance of fluid retention is increased, this may lead to or worsen heart failure. You should tell your doctor immediately if you develop fluid retention, especially in the ankles or legs.
Do not take ACTOS if you:
- are allergic to ACTOS or any of its ingredients
- are a patient with heart failure or heart disease
- have active bladder cancer
- if you are in a state of diabetic ketoacidosis
- have liver disease
- are pregnant or breastfeeding
- have fluid retention
ACTOS is only part of a complete program of treatment that may also include diet, exercise, weight control, foot care, eye care, dental care, and testing your blood sugar. Follow your diet, medication, and exercise routines very closely. Changing any of these factors can affect your blood sugar levels.
The most common side effects of these products include:
- cold-like symptoms including headache, sinus infection, muscle pain, and sore throat
- rapid heartbeat
- blurred vision
- numbness or tingling of the mouth
- weakness or tiredness
- pale color
- sudden hunger
The above noted side effects may not require medical attention and may slowly decrease over time as your body adjusts to the medication. Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Product Code: 1316
What is a Generic Drug?
A generic drug is a copy of the brand-name drug with the same dosage, safety, strength, quality, consumption method, performance, and intended use. Before generics become available on the market, the generic company must prove it has the same active ingredients as the brand-name drug and works in the same way and in the same amount of time in the body.
The only differences between generics and their brand-name counterparts is that generics are less expensive and may look slightly different (eg. different shape or color), as trademarks laws prevent a generic from looking exactly like the brand-name drug.
Generics are less expensive because generic manufacturers don't have to invest large sums of money to develop a drug. When the brand-name patent expires, generic companies can manufacture a copy of the brand-name and sell it at a substantial discount.