Chemical Name: LITHIUM (LITH-ee-um)
Lithium is used to treat people with bipolar disorder (extreme mood changes from depression or anger to elation).
Primidone Primidone 50 mg and 250 mg tablets contain the following inactive ingredients: hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium starch glycolate and talc
Patients 8 years of age and older who have received no previous treatment may be started on Primidone according to the following regimen using either 50 mg or scored 250 mg Primidone tablets: Days 1 to 3: 100 to 125 mg at bedtime. Days 4 to 6: 100 to 125 mg b.i.d. Days 7 to 9: 100 to 125 mg t.i.d. Day 10 to maintenance: 250 mg t.i.d. For most adults and children 8 years of age and over, the usual maintenance dosage is three to four 250 mg Primidone tablets in divided doses (250 mg t.i.d. or q.i.d.). If required, an increase to five or six 250 mg tablets daily may be made but daily doses should not exceed 500 mg q.i.d.
SIDE EFFECTS that may occur while taking this medication includes drowsiness, upset stomach, loss of appetite, stomach bloating, stomach pain, headache and weight gain.
The most frequently occurring early side effects are ataxia and vertigo. These tend to disappear with continued therapy, or with reduction of initial dosage. Occasionally, the following have been reported: nausea, anorexia, vomiting, fatigue, hyperirritability, emotional disturbances, sexual impotency, diplopia, nystagmus, drowsiness and morbilliform skin eruptions. Granulocytopenia, agranulocytosis, and red-cell hypoplasia and aplasia, have been reported rarely. These and, occasionally, other persistent or severe side effects may necessitate withdrawal of the drug. Megaloblastic anemia may occur as a rare idiosyncrasy to Primidone and to other anticonvulsants. The anemia responds to folic acid without necessity of discontinuing medication.
Product Code: 1608
What is a Generic Drug?
A generic drug is a copy of the brand-name drug with the same dosage, safety, strength, quality, consumption method, performance, and intended use. Before generics become available on the market, the generic company must prove it has the same active ingredients as the brand-name drug and works in the same way and in the same amount of time in the body.
The only differences between generics and their brand-name counterparts is that generics are less expensive and may look slightly different (eg. different shape or color), as trademarks laws prevent a generic from looking exactly like the brand-name drug.
Generics are less expensive because generic manufacturers don't have to invest large sums of money to develop a drug. When the brand-name patent expires, generic companies can manufacture a copy of the brand-name and sell it at a substantial discount.