A generic drug is a copy of the brand-name drug with the same dosage, safety, strength, quality, consumption method, performance, and intended use. Before generics become available on the market, the generic company must prove it has the same active ingredients as the brand-name drug and works in the same way and in the same amount of time in the body.
The only differences between generics and their brand-name counterparts is that generics are less expensive and may look slightly different (eg. different shape or color), as trademarks laws prevent a generic from looking exactly like the brand-name drug.
Generics are less expensive because generic manufacturers don't have to invest large sums of money to develop a drug. When the brand-name patent expires, generic companies can manufacture a copy of the brand-name and sell it at a substantial discount.
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Gilenya is a medication your doctor may prescribe if you have relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS), which is when MS is well-controlled on other medications, but the symptoms start to get worse.
MS is a disease that can affect every major system in the body, including:
Gilenya works by binding to S1P receptors on cells of the immune system called lymphocytes. It prevents these cells from emerging from lymph nodes.
The standard dosage is 0.5 mg by mouth once daily.
Gilenya can slow the heart rate, so the first dose must be administered in a healthcare setting where the patient can be monitored for at least six hours.
The active ingredient in Gilenya is fingolimod.
Common drug interactions with this drug are:
Any vaccines that are needed should be administered before starting Gilenya.
Use caution if you have a history of heart disease. When starting Gilenya, there is a high risk that it can cause a slow heart rate.
You are at an increased risk of infection when taking this drug.
Talk to your doctor and pharmacist about all precautions that can apply to you before starting Gilenya.
Potential Gilenya side effects may include:
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