PRILOSEC is a medication that belongs to a group called proton pump inhibitor (PPI) that are used to decrease the amount of acid produced in the stomach. It is used to treat ulcers, heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux, or Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and promotes healing of erosive esophagitis (damage to your esophagus caused by stomach acid).
It works by blocking acid production in the stomach. This medicine may be used in combination with antibiotics (e.g., amoxicillin, clarithromycin) to treat certain types of ulcers. It may also be used to treat other conditions as determined by your doctor.
PRILOSEC is not for immediate relief of heartburn symptoms.
Active Ingredient: Omeprazole
Follow the directions for using this medicine provided by your doctor. SWALLOW WHOLE. DO NOT chew, crush, or open the capsule. If you have difficulty swallowing this medicine whole, the capsule may be opened and the contents sprinkled onto cool applesauce and taken as directed. Do not chew the food/medicine mixture or make-up a supply in advance. Doing so may destroy the drug and/or increase side effects. After taking the drug/applesauce mixture, drink a glass of cool water to ensure complete swallowing of the medicine. Take this medicine before a meal, unless otherwise directed by your doctor. This medicine may be taken with antacids if your doctor has instructed you to take antacids. Potent acid-reducing medicines such as omeprazole can decrease the effectiveness of sucralfate, as well as other drugs such as the antifungals ketoconazole and itraconazole. If instructed to take any of these medicines while taking omeprazole, consult your doctor or pharmacist regarding the proper timing of each dose. For example, if you are instructed to take sucralfate in addition to omeprazole, it is best to take the omeprazole at least 30 minutes before your sucralfate. Use this medicine regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, use it at the same time each day. STORE THIS MEDICINE at room temperature between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) in a tightly-closed container, away from heat, light, and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. CONTINUE TAKING THIS MEDICINE even if you feel better. Do not miss any doses. IF YOU MISS A DOSE OF THIS MEDICINE, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Patients should not use PRILOSEC if they are allergic to omeprazole or to any other benzimidazole medication such as albendazole (Albenza), or mebendazole (Vermox). Ask a doctor if it is safe for you to take PRILOSEC if you have liver disease or heart disease, or low levels of magnesium in your blood.
Do not use PRILOSEC without the advice of a doctor if you have any of the following:
- trouble or pain with swallowing
- bloody or black stools
- vomit that looks like blood or coffee grounds
- heartburn that has lasted for over 3 months
- frequent chest pain
- heartburn with wheezing
- unexplained weight loss
- nausea or vomiting
- stomach pain
It is also unknown whether PRILOSEC will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication. PRILOSEC can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while you are taking this medication.
The most common side effects of PRILOSEC are diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, headaches, rash and dizziness. Nervousness, abnormal heartbeat, muscle pain, weakness, leg cramps, and water retention occur infrequently.
Call your doctor if you have any of these symptoms of low magnesium:
- dizziness, confusion
- fast or uneven heart rate
- jerking muscle movements
- feeling jittery
- muscle cramps, muscle weakness or limp feeling
- cough or choking feeling
- seizure (convulsions)
High doses and long-term use (1 year or longer) may increase the risk of osteoporosis-related fractures of the hip, wrist, or spine. Therefore, it is important to use the lowest doses and shortest duration of treatment necessary for the condition being treated.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about additional side effects that you may experience.
Product Code: 5645
What is a Generic Drug?
A generic drug is a copy of the brand-name drug with the same dosage, safety, strength, quality, consumption method, performance, and intended use. Before generics become available on the market, the generic company must prove it has the same active ingredients as the brand-name drug and works in the same way and in the same amount of time in the body.
The only differences between generics and their brand-name counterparts is that generics are less expensive and may look slightly different (eg. different shape or color), as trademarks laws prevent a generic from looking exactly like the brand-name drug.
Generics are less expensive because generic manufacturers don't have to invest large sums of money to develop a drug. When the brand-name patent expires, generic companies can manufacture a copy of the brand-name and sell it at a substantial discount.