A generic drug is a copy of the brand-name drug with the same dosage, safety, strength, quality, consumption method, performance, and intended use. Before generics become available on the market, the generic company must prove it has the same active ingredients as the brand-name drug and works in the same way and in the same amount of time in the body.
The only differences between generics and their brand-name counterparts is that generics are less expensive and may look slightly different (eg. different shape or color), as trademarks laws prevent a generic from looking exactly like the brand-name drug.
Generics are less expensive because generic manufacturers don't have to invest large sums of money to develop a drug. When the brand-name patent expires, generic companies can manufacture a copy of the brand-name and sell it at a substantial discount.
Capoten (captopril) is a medication used to treat high blood pressure, left ventricular dysfunction after a heart attack, and diabetic neuropathy. It's also used with other medications to treat congestive heart failure.
Carefully read and follow the instructions that come with your Capoten prescription. Ask your doctor or pharmacist any questions you may have.
Capoten is available in 12.5 mg, 25 mg, 50 mg, and 100 mg tablets.
The typical starting dose for high blood pressure is 25 mg by mouth two or three times a day, one hour before meals. The dose may be adjusted based on response to the medication.
The typical starting dose for heart failure is 25 mg by mouth three times a day. The dose may be adjusted based on blood pressure, salt/volume status, and response to the medication.
The typical starting dose for left ventricular dysfunction after a heart attack is a single 6.25 mg dose by mouth, then 12.5 mg by mouth three times a day. The dosage should be increased to the recommended maintenance dose of 50 mg by mouth three times a day as tolerated.
The recommended dose for diabetic neuropathy is 25 mg by mouth three times a day. The dose may be adjusted in patients with kidney problems.
The active ingredient in Capoten is captopril, an angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. Inactive ingredients include microcrystalline cellulose, corn starch, lactose, and stearic acid.
Do not take Capoten if you are allergic to captopril or other ACE-inhibitors or to any of the other ingredients contained in Capoten.
WARNING: FETAL TOXICITY
When pregnancy is detected, discontinue Capoten as soon as possible.
Drugs that act directly on the renin-angiotensin system can cause injury and death to the developing fetus.
Capoten medication side effects include rash, low blood pressure, rapid heart rate, chest pain, heart palpitations, altered taste, angioedema, cough, lack of energy, breast tissue enlargement in males, cardiac arrest, cerebrovascular accident/insufficiency, rhythm abnormalities, fainting, skin reactions, pancreatitis, glossitis, indigestion, anemia, liver problems, low sodium levels, muscle pain or weakness, coordination problems, confusion, depression, nervousness, drowsiness, rhinitis, bronchospasm, eosinophilic pneumonitis, blurred vision, and inability to achieve an erection.
These are not all the side effects that can occur when treated with Capoten. Contact your doctor right away if you have side effects that bother you or won't go away.
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Capoten (Captopril Tablets, USP). Spring Valley, NY: Par Pharmaceutical Companies, Inc.; 2012.